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Panerai Luminor Marina 1950 3 Days Automatic Ref. PAM00392 PAM392
TOP
Panerai Luminor Marina 1950 3 Days Automatic Ref. PAM00392 PAM392
5,900 
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
219
DE
Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Dark 79230DK Lederband
TOP
Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Dark 79230DK Lederband
2,940 
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
219
DE
Panerai Luminor Submersible 1950 Carbotech 3 Days Automatic -...
TOP
Panerai Luminor Submersible 1950 Carbotech 3 Days Automatic -...
13,850 
Seller
CONCEPT LUXURY
64
IT
Fortis Flieger Automatic
TOP
Fortis Flieger Automatic
569 
Seller
Tosoro di Alessandro Toso
 
IT
Omega SPEEDMASTER DATE EDELSTAHL AUTOMATIK  HERRENUHR
TOP
Omega SPEEDMASTER DATE EDELSTAHL AUTOMATIK HERRENUHR
1,990 
Seller
Timeless Watches GmbH
105
DE
Eterna 1948 Automatic
TOP
Eterna 1948 Automatic
1,459 
Seller
Juwelier Gabriel
 
DE
Hublot Classic Fusion Black Magic Automatic Carbon Kautschuk...
TOP
Hublot Classic Fusion Black Magic Automatic Carbon Kautschuk...
6,999 
Free shipping
Seller
Uhrenkapital
193
DE
Ulysse Nardin Automatic 18K Gold
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Automatic 18K Gold
1,748 
Seller
Vintage Watch Services
127
NL
Cartier PVD/DLC Roadster XL Chronograph 48mm  - Automatic 3405...
TOP
Cartier PVD/DLC Roadster XL Chronograph 48mm - Automatic 3405...
6,032 
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
101
US
Roger Dubuis LA MONEGASQUE AUTOMATIC 42MM
TOP
Roger Dubuis LA MONEGASQUE AUTOMATIC 42MM
8,990 
Free shipping
Seller
David Celma
20
ES
Mido Big Ben Chronometer Automatik Limited Edition
TOP
Mido Big Ben Chronometer Automatik Limited Edition
1,349 
Seller
T&N "Glücksschmiede" GmbH
471
DE
Paul Picot Technograph Stainless Steel Automatic
TOP
Paul Picot Technograph Stainless Steel Automatic
3,500 
Free shipping
Seller
Bernardo Antichita'
11
IT
Omega Constellation Pie Pan 18K Gold Automatic Service 11/17
TOP
Omega Constellation Pie Pan 18K Gold Automatic Service 11/17
3,990 
Seller
Timeless Watches GmbH
105
DE
TAG Heuer Aquaracer 300M Calibre 5 Automatik WAY211B.FC6363
TOP
TAG Heuer Aquaracer 300M Calibre 5 Automatik WAY211B.FC6363
1,720 
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
219
DE
Rolex rare vintage automatic Gold / Steel  ,  serviced
Rolex rare vintage automatic Gold / Steel , serviced
2,150 
Seller
hankkija ou
558
FI
Omega Speedmaster Automatic
Omega Speedmaster Automatic
1,380 
Seller
KoKo-huolto
 
FI
Zodiac Aerospace GMT Automatic
TOP
Zodiac Aerospace GMT Automatic
1,133 
Seller
Vintage Watch Services
127
NL
Heuer Montreal PVD Automatic 110.501 Trade/Offer
Heuer Montreal PVD Automatic 110.501 Trade/Offer
2,999 
Seller
Chrono Finland
16
FI
Frederique Constant Classics Automatic
Frederique Constant Classics Automatic
1,130 
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Zenith Defy 28 800 Automatic Octagonal
Zenith Defy 28 800 Automatic Octagonal
1,100 
Seller
Private seller
 
FI
Chronoswiss Cabrio Stainless Steel Gold Automatic
TOP
Chronoswiss Cabrio Stainless Steel Gold Automatic
3,700 
Free shipping
Seller
Bernardo Antichita'
11
IT
Montblanc Meisterstück Timewalker 43 Chronograph Automatik |...
TOP
Montblanc Meisterstück Timewalker 43 Chronograph Automatik |...
2,810 
Seller
Cassa watch
RU
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automatic T066.407.17.057.00
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automatic T066.407.17.057.00
699 
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Omega Genève, rare automatic serviced
Omega Genève, rare automatic serviced
445 
Seller
hankkija ou
558
FI
Citizen Automatic
Citizen Automatic
180 
Seller
KoKo-huolto
 
FI
Zodiac Autographic Power Reserve Automatic
TOP
Zodiac Autographic Power Reserve Automatic
481 
Seller
Vintage Watch Services
127
NL
Heuer Carrera "Barrel" Automatic 150.573F Trade/Offer
Heuer Carrera "Barrel" Automatic 150.573F Trade/Offer
2,890 
Seller
Chrono Finland
16
FI
Frederique Constant Classics Index Automatic
Frederique Constant Classics Index Automatic
950 
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Panerai Radiomir Black Seal 3 Days Automatic + extra straps
Panerai Radiomir Black Seal 3 Days Automatic + extra straps
4,690 
Seller
Antwerp Watch Company
 
BE
Baume & Mercier Riviera Complications Triple Date Automatic
TOP
Baume & Mercier Riviera Complications Triple Date Automatic
3,700 
Free shipping
Seller
Bernardo Antichita'
11
IT
Roger Dubuis La Monegasque Automatic
TOP
Roger Dubuis La Monegasque Automatic
15,849 
Seller
Cassa watch
RU
Tissot PRS 516 Automatic T044.430.26.051.00
Tissot PRS 516 Automatic T044.430.26.051.00
509 
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Citizen vintage steel automatic ,
Citizen vintage steel automatic ,
85 
Seller
hankkija ou
558
FI
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
2,250 
Seller
Gioielleria Mario Pendezza
18
IT
Omega Constellation Automatic Chronometer
TOP
Omega Constellation Automatic Chronometer
1,168 
Seller
Vintage Watch Services
127
NL
Omega Seamaster Automatic 176007 Omega service 10/2017
Omega Seamaster Automatic 176007 Omega service 10/2017
2,790 
Seller
Chrono Finland
16
FI
Frederique Constant Ladies Delight Automatic
Frederique Constant Ladies Delight Automatic
1,595 
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Chopard Mille Miglia GTS Automatic Speed Black
Chopard Mille Miglia GTS Automatic Speed Black
4,450 
Seller
Antwerp Watch Company
 
BE
Breguet Reine de Naples Automatic 35mm 8967st/v8/986 blue
Breguet Reine de Naples Automatic 35mm 8967st/v8/986 blue
7,286 
Free shipping
Seller
East Coast Jewelry
7
US
Omega Seamaster 503 Automatic Date Gold Cap Steel Mens Watch
TOP
Omega Seamaster 503 Automatic Date Gold Cap Steel Mens Watch
871 
Seller
Watch World Star
143
UK
Tissot PRC 200 Automatic T055.430.16.017.00
Tissot PRC 200 Automatic T055.430.16.017.00
528 
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Ricoh Automatic day/ date with rare dial, serviced
Ricoh Automatic day/ date with rare dial, serviced
95 
Seller
hankkija ou
558
FI
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
2,100 
Seller
Gioielleria Mario Pendezza
18
IT
Bell & Ross BR01- 94 RED Chrono automatic 2014
TOP
Bell & Ross BR01- 94 RED Chrono automatic 2014
2,690 
Seller
Chronographe.fr
 
FR
Heuer 2000 Automatic 38mm 1985 173006
Heuer 2000 Automatic 38mm 1985 173006
1,990 
Seller
Chrono Finland
16
FI
Frederique Constant Slimline Heart Beat Automatic
Frederique Constant Slimline Heart Beat Automatic
1,995 
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Omega Seamaster 300m Automatic Co-Axial 212.30.41.20.03.001
TOP
Omega Seamaster 300m Automatic Co-Axial 212.30.41.20.03.001
2,840 
Seller
JPA Watch Company Ltd
13
UK
Panerai Radiomir Chronograph Steel Black Automatic 45mm  Watch
TOP
Panerai Radiomir Chronograph Steel Black Automatic 45mm Watch
4,551 
Free shipping
Seller
WT Time Pieces
24
UK
Chopard Happy Sport 36 mm Automatic
TOP
Chopard Happy Sport 36 mm Automatic
16,770 
Free shipping
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
204
UK
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automatic Chronograph T066.427.11.047.02
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automatic Chronograph T066.427.11.047.02
1,290 
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Ricoh Automatic day/ date with rare dial, serviced
Ricoh Automatic day/ date with rare dial, serviced
85 
Seller
hankkija ou
558
FI
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
1,950 
Seller
Gioielleria Mario Pendezza
18
IT
Jaeger-LeCoultre Amvox5 Worldtime Automatic Chronograph...
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Amvox5 Worldtime Automatic Chronograph...
9,900 
Seller
Joaillerie Royale
266
BE
Carl F. Bucherer Patravi Power Reserve Automat
TOP
Carl F. Bucherer Patravi Power Reserve Automat
1,390 
Seller
Wrzeciono Czasu
352
PL
Frederique Constant Classics Index Automatic
Frederique Constant Classics Index Automatic
1,050 
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Panerai Luminor Marina Automatic -Full Set + Service 02/2016-
TOP
Panerai Luminor Marina Automatic -Full Set + Service 02/2016-
4,900 
Free shipping
Seller
KronologY
21
FR
Montblanc Star Classique Automatic Rose gold
TOP
Montblanc Star Classique Automatic Rose gold
4,550 
Seller
Deepsea
94
HU
TAG Heuer Link Automatic Chronograph 43mm
TOP
TAG Heuer Link Automatic Chronograph 43mm
3,490 
Seller
Timepiece Bank
224
BE
Tissot Heritage 160th Navigator Automatic T078.641.16.057.00
Tissot Heritage 160th Navigator Automatic T078.641.16.057.00
1,310 
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Rolex vintage automatic Oyster  Date,  serviced
Rolex vintage automatic Oyster Date, serviced
1,950 
Seller
hankkija ou
FI
IWC Automatic 18k Gold Cal. 8541B
TOP
IWC Automatic 18k Gold Cal. 8541B
2,787 
Seller
Time Rediscovered Ltd
7
UK

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.