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Omega Seamaster 600M Planet Ocean Chronograph
4 199 
Seller
Time Line
268
BE
TOP
TAG Heuer Carrera Heuer 01 Chronograph Alec Monopoly CAR201AA....
4 350 
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Uhren2000 GmbH
425
DE
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Zenith Super Sub Sea with G.F. Bracelet
8 569 
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UK
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Zenith Heritage Manufacture Love Generation TOP Wesselton...
3 850 
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396
NL
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Heuer 2446 "Jochen Rindt" very rare and original
15 490 
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83
FI
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3 699 
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CORTI GIOIELLI
15
IT
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Omega Speedmaster Moonwatch Moonphase Limited Edition
44 600 
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Prestige Luxusuhren GmbH
5201
DE
TOP
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2 860 
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1560
DE
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6 085 
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THE WATCHGUY GmbH & Co. KG
23
DE
TOP
Franck Muller Casablanca Chronographo 8880 C CC DT Full Set 2015
6 500 
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Watchesnorte SL
307
ES
TOP
Omega Speedmaster 57 (Trilogy)
5 700 
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Zurich Watches
17
ES
TOP
Hamilton AMERICAN CLASSIC INTRA-MATIC AUTO CHRONO
1 495 
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First Advanced Watches
99
ES
Breitling Avenger Bandit Titanium
3 690 
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Ranneaika
7
FI
Breitling Chronomat D13047 39mm with original box
2 690 
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Chrono Finland
83
FI
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Rolex Yacht-Master II
23 900 
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Stephan Hermann GmbH
132
DE
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Sinn 903PL Navigationschronograph
2 600 
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Classic Watch
56
DE
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Breitling For Bentley Chronograph Automatik Herrenuhr Stahl...
3 960 
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Zeitauktion GmbH
1560
DE
TOP
TAG Heuer Carrera Calibre 16
2 673 
Free shipping
Seller
Clock-Agent
RU
TOP
Rolex Pre Daytona 6238 14k gold w certificate
110 000 
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MMC RIVIERA
7
MC
TOP
Alpina Alpiner Chrono
1 382 
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Seller
L'Ecrin
28
CH
TOP
Cartier Rotonde W1556051 Central Chronograph White Gold 42mm
35 010 
Seller
Taleda
516
CH
TAG Heuer Carrera Calibre 36 Flyback Chronograph
4 190 
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Ranneaika
7
FI
Omega Speedmaster Professional Pre-moon Tropical 145022-69 DON
5 990 
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Chrono Finland
83
FI
TOP
Bulgari Chronograph Automatic Limited Edition BBP42GLCH
8 450 
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FineTimepieces
152
DE
TOP
Cartier Pasha 38 Millennium Ultra Wanted Limited Edition ALL...
3 350 
Free shipping
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Pawndeluxe
396
NL
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Breitling Avenger Chronograph Stahl Automatik Herrenuhr Ref....
2 860 
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Zeitauktion GmbH
1560
DE
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Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
2 450 
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56
DE
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Rolex Daytona 6265 Big Red 1984
75 000 
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MMC RIVIERA
7
MC
Blancpain Air Command
4 600 
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Private Seller
 
ES
TOP
Patek Philippe Grand Complications Perpetual Calendar chronograph
90 500 
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CONCEPT LUXURY
214
IT
TOP
Heuer Rare Heuer Carrera Chronograph Red Tachy 60`s
4 850 
Free shipping
Seller
Ducado Jóias, Lda
49
PT
Cartier Santos 100 XL Chronograph 2006 FULLSET
4 290 
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Chrono Finland
83
FI
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Chronograph
6 380 
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GARCÍA JOYEROS
30
ES
TOP
Girard Perregaux Richeville Chronograph Collection Automatic -...
2 150 
Free shipping
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Pawndeluxe
396
NL
TOP
Omega Speedmaster Reduced Michael Schumacher Chronograph...
1 860 
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Zeitauktion GmbH
1560
DE
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 39mm Fullset
17 999 
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Juwelier am Harras
32
DE
TOP
Rolex Daytona 116520 RRR NOS New Old Stock 2011
23 500 
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MMC RIVIERA
7
MC
Certina DS Podium (Submodell)
895 
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Private Seller
FI
TOP
Rolex Daytona Chromalight Black Dial - 2016 - FULL SET
19 900 
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Orologi & Dintorni Vintage S.r.l.s.
85
IT
TOP
Franck Muller Master Banker Chrono
9 800 
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oreeoro s.r.l.
65
IT
Omega Seamaster Yachting 43mm 1972 176.010 Gold Plated Rare
3 590 
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83
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TAG Heuer Men's CAZ2012.BA0970 Formula 1 Calibre 16 Auto...
2 179 
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2197
CH
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Breitling Navitimer Twin Plane Chronograph Valjoux 774 - All...
4 300 
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396
NL
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Breitling Colt Chronograph Stahl Automatik Herrenuhr Ref. A13035
1 460 
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Zeitauktion GmbH
1560
DE
TOP
Panerai Radiomir REGATTA 1/8th Second RATTRAPANTE LIMITED...
8 554 
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European Jewellery
98
AE
TOP
Rolex Daytona 116520 2014
21 000 
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MMC RIVIERA
7
MC
Revue Thommen 17061.6
780 
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Private Seller
 
FI
Heuer Carrera 1553 Cal. 15 art. Th66
3 349 
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Stroppiana SRL
352
IT
TOP
Omega Moonwatch APOLLO XVII 45th Annivers.
6 800 
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MASTROLORENZI S.A.S DI MATTIA MASTROLORENZI & CO.
81
IT
Zenith El Primero Grande Date 44mm
2 790 
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Chrono Finland
83
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Breitling Men's AB015212/BF26/435X/A20BA.1 Transocean Cronogra...
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Breitling Bentley GT Continental Racing - A13363
3 500 
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396
NL
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Evolution Chronograph Automatik Ref 301.sx.130.rx
7 540 
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1560
DE
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795 
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hankkija ou
1017
FI
TOP
Rolex Daytona 116509 full set
26 500 
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2 899 
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1 532 
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EST 1897
480
UK
Straight from the manufacturer
Porsche Design Chronotimer Flyback Special Edition
6 250 
BrandBoutique Member
Porsche Lizenz- und Handelsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
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2 490 
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83
FI
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1 750 
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62
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2 200 
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396
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Glashütte Original Navigator Chronograph Stahl Automatik...
2 580 
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Audemars Piguet 全新 愛彼 皇家橡樹離岸系列 精鋼 深啡色 自動機芯 26470ST.OO.A099CR.01
21 277 
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SWISSWATCH TRADING CO.,LTD
 
JP
TOP
Patek Philippe Complications 5170G-010 2018
59 000 
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MMC RIVIERA
7
MC
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Chronographs: On the Button

Chronographs differentiate themselves from conventional three-hand watches by their stopwatch function. This type of watch has a unique, functional design characterized by subdials and push-pieces, which many buyers find attractive.

Chronograph Facts

  • The word "chronograph" comes from the Greek words "chronos" (time) and "graph" (an instrument that writes or records)
  • 1816: Louis Moinet invents a stopwatch that displays 1/60th of a second
  • 1913: Longines introduces a wristwatch with a stopwatch function powered by one push-piece
  • 1934: Breitling introduces the two push-piece chronograph
  • 1969: The first chronographs with automatic movements premiere

Sporty Stopwatches

Watches with a chronograph function are first and foremost sport watches. They were designed for use in sporting events. During track and field, swimming, or car racing competitions, events need to be accurately timed to determine a winner. The most modern technology takes care of this at the professional level, but it's still useful for amateurs to have a chronograph on hand for timing. Furthermore, this kind of watch is appealing to many buyers who simply appreciate a more technically-oriented timepiece. The chronograph isn't just limited to use in athletics, though; you could also use it to time while cooking to know when your pasta is al dente and ready to eat.

Some watch manufacturers have made a name for themselves with their efforts in developing chronographs, such as Breitling or TAG Heuer. Breitling is responsible for the typical design of modern chronographs. In 1934, the company introduced a watch with a chronograph function and push-pieces above and below the crown. The layout was successful and quickly spread to other manufacturers.

You begin timing by pressing the push-piece above the crown. When you push it a second time, it stops. If necessary, you can push it a third time to start it again. You can set the stopwatch back to zero by pressing the push-piece under the crown. Almost all modern mechanical chronographs function in this way.

The hands of a chronograph are organized according to a certain pattern. The largest difference between a chronograph and a conventional three-hand watch is that chronographs generally lack a central second hand. A chronograph's large second hand usually rests at 12 o'clock. When you push the top push-piece, it starts moving, timing seconds. Once you're done, you press the bottom push-piece to set the second hand back to zero. The second hand that is constantly in motion, known as the small seconds, is located on a subdial elsewhere on the chronograph.

Most chronographs feature the small seconds subdial at the nine o'clock position. Another subdial at 12 o'clock, the 30-minute counter, keeps track of timed intervals up to 30 minutes. Yet another subdial at six o'clock, the 12-hour counter, records even longer intervals up to 12 hours. The date display is located at three o'clock. Most watches with this dial layout and these timing functions are powered by chronograph calibers, such as the Valjoux 7750 from the world's largest ébauche manufacturer, ETA. Chronographs powered by other movements often have a layout of subdials at three, six, and nine o'clock. This V-shaped design is called Tricompax.

The Valjoux 7750 powers several chronographs from prominent manufacturers, such as the diving watch Longines Hydroconquest and the pilot's watch Sinn 103. Breitling, Hamilton, and Tissot also use this automatic movement in various models. It premiered in 1973, but wasn't an instant success. It first became popular after the Quartz Crisis was resolved. Since then, the Valjoux 7750 has been used in millions of watches. It's affordable to produce and runs reliably at 28,800 alternations per hour (A/h). Moreover, it's certified precise by the Official Swiss Chronometer Testing Institute (COSC). Its power reserve lasts around 44 hours. There are many variants of the 7750, such as a manual version or ones with complications such as a moon phase indicator or a flyback chronograph. Due to its precision, the caliber is able to measure 1/8th of a second.

The El Primero from Zenith beats even faster. At 36,000 A/h, it can measure 1/10th of a second. Zenith introduced this famous high-frequency caliber in 1969. In the same year, Calibre 11 was released as the result of a collaboration between Heuer, Breitling, Büren, and Dubois-Dépraz. The movement powered the first Monaco from Heuer and ran at 19,800 A/h. This allowed the watch to measure 1/5th of a second. The Japanese company Seiko released their caliber 6139 around the same time. Together, these calibers made 1969 a milestone year in watchmaking history. Today, it's still debated which automatic chronograph caliber can be considered the first.

Buying Advice

Do you need a stopwatch every now and again? Look no further than a chronograph. Watches with this extra feature are available in almost every price range. These "time recorders" - a literal translation of chronograph - have technical appeal. They're predominantly men's watches, as the Valjoux 7750 caliber is quite large and not suitable for a classic women's watch.

Generally, chronographs powered by the reliable Valjoux 7750 caliber are less expensive than watches with rarer or in-house movements. These watches start around 1,000 euros. Even more affordable are chronographs powered by quartz movements. They're available in the three figure range from brands like Citizen. Some quartz chronographs are more expensive, however, such as the Breitling Superocean Chronograph M2000, which runs between 3,000 and 4,000 euros. This diving watch is waterproof to 2,000 m and its patented push-pieces can even be used underwater. Manufacturers strongly advise against using the timing function of a mechanical chronograph underwater.

For a little less than 3,500 euros, you can get one of the most famous chronographs in mint condition: the legendary Moonwatch, Omega's Speedmaster Professional. In July 1969, it became the first wristwatch on the Moon. The Apollo 13 astronauts also used this watch to perform a course correction of 14 seconds, helping them safely return their damaged spacecraft to Earth in April 1970.

No less famous is the Rolex Daytona, named for the race track in Daytona Beach, Florida. Race car drivers received these watches as victory trophies for the first time in the 1960s. A stainless steel Daytona in very good condition costs a little under 10,000 euros. A new gold model costs over 20,000 euros. A platinum version with diamonds can raise the price tag to over 100,000 euros.

Do you prefer a square watch? The square TAG Heuer Monaco made its film debut on the wrist of Steve McQueen in the 1971 film Le Mans. Since then, it's been competing with the Daytona for the reputation of the best racing watch. You can buy a new Monaco Calibre 11 for 3,500 - 4,000 euros. More TAG Heuer chronographs are available in their Carrera series.

The Omega Speedmaster, Rolex Daytona, and TAG Heuer Monaco were all designed as timepieces for the race track. If you prefer a pilot's chronograph, then the Breitling Navitimer is a good choice. It goes one step further: in addition to the stopwatch function, it has a slide rule which you can use to do basic calculations. You should be prepared to spend around 5,000 euros on a new stainless steel Navitimer. Another pilot's chronograph is the IWC Double Chronograph, which starts around 9,000 euros.

Rattrapante, Flyback, and Scales

You can use a double chronograph, such as the one from IWC, to measure two separate events of different lengths. This type of chronograph is easily recognizable by its third push-piece, which controls an additional second hand. Normally, this extra hand runs with the normal chronograph second hand. However, when you push the push-piece, it stops, while the other second hand keeps running. Push the push-piece again and both hands are reset to zero. This complication is also known as a rattrapante or split-seconds chronograph.

Another modification to the usual stopwatch function is the flyback chronograph. You can start, reset, and restart timing with just one push. Usual chronographs require you to push a button three times. The flyback chronograph has its origins in military aviation. If pilots have to make multiple course changes within a fixed amount of seconds, then the process of pressing a button three times is too slow.

Many chronographs are also equipped with a tachymeter scale. It's usually found on a fixed bezel and allows you to calculate kilometers per hour. For example, say you drive 1 kilometer. You start the chronograph function as you begin driving and stop it once you've driven a kilometer. The chronograph second hand will be pointing to a number on the tachymeter scale, signaling the speed in km/h.

Less frequently, you'll find a chronograph with a telemeter scale, a complication which calculates the distance to an event which can be both seen and heard. For instance, if it's stormy and you see lightning, you can time the interval between the lightning and thunder. When you stop timing, the second hand will be pointing to the distance of the storm on the scale. So, if there was an interval of 12 seconds between the lightning and thunder, then the storm is four kilometers away. This can be useful in the military for determining how far away enemy cannons are by timing the interval between when the cannon explosion is seen and when it is heard. Thirty-nine seconds, for example, means a distance of 13 kilometers.