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Audemars Piguet 18k Yellow Gold Black Dial Chronograph Gents
TOP
Audemars Piguet 18k Yellow Gold Black Dial Chronograph Gents
7,743 
Free shipping
Seller
Watches & Jewellery of Bond Street Ltd
178
UK
Cuervo y Sobrinos Torpedo Caribeno Pirata
TOP
Cuervo y Sobrinos Torpedo Caribeno Pirata
42,500 
Seller
Juwelier Sandkühler OHG
15
DE
IWC Portoghese portoguese iw3714
TOP
IWC Portoghese portoguese iw3714
3,390 
Seller
Flale' Gioielli S.R.L.
9
IT
Zenith Defy Xtreme Tourbillon ZERO-G El Primero
TOP
Zenith Defy Xtreme Tourbillon ZERO-G El Primero
65,383 
Seller
Watch & Bullion
12
GI
Zenith Defy 21 El Primero Ceramic
TOP
Zenith Defy 21 El Primero Ceramic
8,700 
Free shipping
Seller
Istock LTD
88
LV
TAG Heuer Monaco Twenty Four Calibre 36
TOP
TAG Heuer Monaco Twenty Four Calibre 36
7,198 
Free shipping
Seller
Rent a Box Schmuck und Uhren AG
7
CH
Rolex YACHTMASTER  GOLD 750 AUTOMATIK 35MM MEDIUM MID SIZE
TOP
Rolex YACHTMASTER GOLD 750 AUTOMATIK 35MM MEDIUM MID SIZE
12,790 
Seller
Timeless Watches GmbH
198
DE
TAG Heuer Monaco Limited Edition vintage Gulf Full set
TOP
TAG Heuer Monaco Limited Edition vintage Gulf Full set
3,990 
Seller
The Watch Firm
154
AT
Hamilton Khaki X-Wind
TOP
Hamilton Khaki X-Wind
1,008 
Seller
First Advanced Watches
33
ES
Rolex GMT-Master
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master
7,500 
Seller
ANNIBALI&CO
88
IT
Eterna-Matic 14K gents dress watch
Eterna-Matic 14K gents dress watch
1,100 
Seller
Harri Asunta
8
FI
Rolex Daytona Ref. 116500LN
TOP
Rolex Daytona Ref. 116500LN
16,500 
Seller
Steiner Maastricht
131
NL
Concord c1 rose gold
TOP
Concord c1 rose gold
4,795 
Seller
Private Seller
 
FI
Graham Silverstone Stowe Racing
TOP
Graham Silverstone Stowe Racing
4,900 
Free shipping
Seller
Istock LTD
88
LV
Rolex Stainless Steel Submariner 16610 MOP Ceramic Diamond
TOP
Rolex Stainless Steel Submariner 16610 MOP Ceramic Diamond
6,146 
Free shipping
Seller
SGA Watches & Jewelry
7
US
Omega SPEEDMASTER AUTOMATIC DAMENUHR DIAMANT MOP MOTHER OF PEARL
TOP
Omega SPEEDMASTER AUTOMATIC DAMENUHR DIAMANT MOP MOTHER OF PEARL
4,990 
Seller
Timeless Watches GmbH
198
DE
Richard Mille RM 16  pvd titanium full set 2016 hot price
TOP
Richard Mille RM 16 pvd titanium full set 2016 hot price
31,000 
Seller
The Watch Firm
154
AT
IWC Portugieser Yacht Club Chrono Volvo Limited Edition IW390212
TOP
IWC Portugieser Yacht Club Chrono Volvo Limited Edition IW390212
8,250 
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
423
NL
Chanel J12 DIAMOND
TOP
Chanel J12 DIAMOND
3,500 
Seller
ANNIBALI&CO
88
IT
Omega Constellation C Date
Omega Constellation C Date
950 
Seller
Harri Asunta
8
FI
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 39 NEW Ref. 114300
TOP
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 39 NEW Ref. 114300
4,700 
Seller
Steiner Maastricht
131
NL
Zenith Depose
TOP
Zenith Depose
22,800 
Seller
Private Seller
 
FI
Ulysse Nardin Diver Chronograph Black
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Diver Chronograph Black
7,200 
Free shipping
Seller
Istock LTD
88
LV
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore 26170ST.OO.D101CR.01
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore 26170ST.OO.D101CR.01
13,512 
Free shipping
Seller
AB Time Inc.
145
US
Breitling Bentley Supersports E2736522
TOP
Breitling Bentley Supersports E2736522
5,250 
Seller
Watchdeals
145
NL
Cartier Ballon Bleu 42mm two-tone with diamonds
TOP
Cartier Ballon Bleu 42mm two-tone with diamonds
6,700 
Seller
The Watch Firm
154
AT
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Rose Gold 230.2.77
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Rose Gold 230.2.77
9,450 
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
423
NL
Paul Picot chronoghaph grand data
TOP
Paul Picot chronoghaph grand data
1,550 
Seller
ANNIBALI&CO
88
IT
Jaeger-LeCoultre Memovox Jumbo date with box
Jaeger-LeCoultre Memovox Jumbo date with box
3,400 
Seller
Harri Asunta
8
FI
Rolex Submariner Date Ref. 16613
TOP
Rolex Submariner Date Ref. 16613
8,100 
Seller
Steiner Maastricht
131
NL
Glycine Combat sub
Glycine Combat sub
393 
Seller
Private Seller
FI
Perrelet Turbine XL Vegas Poker 48mm
TOP
Perrelet Turbine XL Vegas Poker 48mm
3,500 
Free shipping
Seller
Istock LTD
88
LV
Rolex Deep Sea PEPSI - ICE - Baguette Bezel Diamonds  ICED OUT
TOP
Rolex Deep Sea PEPSI - ICE - Baguette Bezel Diamonds ICED OUT
26,000 
Seller
LUXUS RITTER GmbH & Co. KG
75
DE
Audemars Piguet Dresswatch 14682 ST Limited Cal 2121 Automatic...
TOP
Audemars Piguet Dresswatch 14682 ST Limited Cal 2121 Automatic...
7,499 
Seller
Uhrenkapital
301
DE
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra Chronograph GMT unworn Full Set
TOP
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra Chronograph GMT unworn Full Set
4,990 
Seller
The Watch Firm
154
AT
Zenith El Primero Chronomaster
TOP
Zenith El Primero Chronomaster
3,900 
Seller
Orologeria Duomo Milano
79
IT
TAG Heuer Grand Carrera Automatic Chronograph CAV511A.FC6225
TOP
TAG Heuer Grand Carrera Automatic Chronograph CAV511A.FC6225
4,900 
Seller
SUBASTAS REGENTS ,SL
8
ES
Panerai Luminor Submersible 616 Carbotech
Panerai Luminor Submersible 616 Carbotech
15,500 
Seller
Kellokonttori
12
FI
Rolex Datejust 36 NEW Ref. 116234
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36 NEW Ref. 116234
6,500 
Seller
Steiner Maastricht
131
NL
Hamilton Khaki Field
Hamilton Khaki Field
320 
Seller
Private Seller
FI
Perrelet Turbine Macau  (Limited Edition)
TOP
Perrelet Turbine Macau (Limited Edition)
4,100 
Free shipping
Seller
Istock LTD
88
LV
Cvstos Challange Chrono GT II Eric Kuster Camouflage Limited...
TOP
Cvstos Challange Chrono GT II Eric Kuster Camouflage Limited...
15,200 
Seller
LUXUS RITTER GmbH & Co. KG
75
DE
Rolex Presidential Day Date Red Vignette Dial Diamond Watch 18038
TOP
Rolex Presidential Day Date Red Vignette Dial Diamond Watch 18038
14,819 
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
111
US
Panerai Luminor Marina Automatic box and papers pam 91
TOP
Panerai Luminor Marina Automatic box and papers pam 91
5,200 
Seller
The Watch Firm
154
AT
Sarpaneva Oiva
Sarpaneva Oiva
13,500 
Seller
Luxury Watch Helsinki
 
FI
TAG Heuer Aquaracer 500M Calibre 16
TOP
TAG Heuer Aquaracer 500M Calibre 16
2,500 
Seller
SUBASTAS REGENTS ,SL
8
ES
Omega 60th Anniversary 1957 Trilogy Set Limited Edition
Omega 60th Anniversary 1957 Trilogy Set Limited Edition
20,900 
Seller
Kellokonttori
12
FI
Rolex Datejust 31 MOP Ref. 178274
TOP
Rolex Datejust 31 MOP Ref. 178274
9,000 
Seller
Steiner Maastricht
131
NL
Patek Philippe 7118
TOP
Patek Philippe 7118
22,213 
Seller
表家niuwatch
 
HK
Jaeger-LeCoultre Geophysic Universal Time Rose Gold
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Geophysic Universal Time Rose Gold
18,300 
Free shipping
Seller
Istock LTD
88
LV
Rolex Datejust II Blue Dream Baguette Lünette Blau  Diamond Dial
TOP
Rolex Datejust II Blue Dream Baguette Lünette Blau Diamond Dial
11,968 
Seller
LUXUS RITTER GmbH & Co. KG
75
DE
Rolex Yacht-Master II 116680 Stainless Steel Watch (White)
TOP
Rolex Yacht-Master II 116680 Stainless Steel Watch (White)
12,641 
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
111
US
TAG Heuer Grand Carrera box and papers
TOP
TAG Heuer Grand Carrera box and papers
3,800 
Seller
The Watch Firm
154
AT
Maurice Lacroix Herren Automatik LC6017-SS001-130  NEU OVP
TOP
Maurice Lacroix Herren Automatik LC6017-SS001-130 NEU OVP
499 
Seller
Uhren-Schiesl
246
DE
Zenith El Primero Chronomaster
Zenith El Primero Chronomaster
2,500 
Seller
Private Seller
 
FI
Panerai Radiomir 472 Doha Limited Edition 10 Days GMT
Panerai Radiomir 472 Doha Limited Edition 10 Days GMT
11,900 
Seller
Kellokonttori
12
FI
Rolex Datejust 41 Ref. 116334G
TOP
Rolex Datejust 41 Ref. 116334G
7,750 
Seller
Steiner Maastricht
131
NL
Tudor Heritage Black Bay 79230N
TOP
Tudor Heritage Black Bay 79230N
2,399 
Free shipping
Seller
exclusive-chrono.com
178
NL
Montblanc Orbis Terrarum
TOP
Montblanc Orbis Terrarum
3,950 
Free shipping
Seller
Istock LTD
88
LV
Hublot King Power F1 Limited Roségold Pinkgold 18K
TOP
Hublot King Power F1 Limited Roségold Pinkgold 18K
23,000 
Seller
LUXUS RITTER GmbH & Co. KG
75
DE
Rolex Datejust 36mm Blue Flower Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36mm Blue Flower Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
6,276 
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
111
US
Rolex Milgauss Organe black with box mint (no Papers) like new...
TOP
Rolex Milgauss Organe black with box mint (no Papers) like new...
4,250 
Seller
The Watch Firm
154
AT
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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