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Hamilton Khaki Pilot Pioneer H76205530 New Steel 38mm Automatic
Promoted
Hamilton Khaki Pilot Pioneer
Aviation Auto Watch Pilot Pioneer Men's
866
+ €39 for shipping
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712R-001 Very good Rose gold 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Patek Philippe Nautilus
Annual Calendar Moonphase 40mm Rosegold
119 800
Free shipping
Rolex Explorer 214270 Very good Steel 39mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Explorer
39mm 214270
9 193
Free shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding 15305ST.OO.1220ST.01 Very good Steel 39mm Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding
Skeleton 15305st AP serviced + Extract
165 900
+ €100 for shipping
Rolex Sea-Dweller 126600 Unworn Steel 43mm Automatic Finland, Porvoo
Promoted
Rolex Sea-Dweller
126600
15 500
+ €10 for shipping
Montblanc Star 116511 New Steel 42mm Automatic
Promoted
Montblanc Star
116511
2 350
+ €99 for shipping
Tudor Pelagos 25407N-0001 New Titanium 39mm Automatic
Promoted
Tudor Pelagos
New Unworn October 2022 Titanium Black Dial 25407N
4 990
Free shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 26400IO.OO.A004CA.02 New Titanium 44mm Automatic
Promoted
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
26400IO.OO.A004CA.02
36 993
+ €96 for shipping
Rolex Air King 116900 Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Air King
Ref. 116900
9 650
+ €150 for shipping
Sarpaneva X Moomin Unworn Steel 38.7mm Automatic Finland, Imatra
Sarpaneva X Moomin 75th Anniversary Limited Edition of 25pcs UNWORN
16 990
+ €9 for shipping
Rolex Daytona 116520 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Daytona
116520 APH WHITE DIAL - BOX AND CARD - RRR - TOP CONDITIONS
26 900
+ €375 for shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak 14790ST/0/0789ST/07 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
Promoted
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak
ref. 14790ST 0/0789ST/07 Rare Arabic Military Dial Fullset with AP Service
34 500
+ €120 for shipping
Omega Speedmaster Professional Moonwatch 311.93.44.51.04.002 Very good Ceramic Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Omega Speedmaster Professional Moonwatch
White Side of the Moon Ceramic
9 390
+ €100 for shipping
Richard Mille RM 011 RM 11-03 Very good Rose gold Automatic
Promoted
Richard Mille RM 011
Rm11-03 Rose Gold - Titanium
Price on request
+ €20 for shipping
Zenith Chronomaster Sport 03.3100.3600/69.M3100 New Steel 41mm Automatic
Promoted
Zenith Chronomaster Sport
41
10 681
+ €60 for shipping
Rolex Submariner Date 126610lv New Steel 41mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Submariner Date
Starbucks Full Stickers New Unworn October 2022 126610LV
19 000
Free shipping
Rolex Sea-Dweller 126600 New Steel 43mm Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Rolex Sea-Dweller
9/2022
14 780
+ €10 for shipping
Rolex Explorer II 16570 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Explorer II
#39;White Dial - Swiss' Ref. 16570
9 500
+ €150 for shipping
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea 116660 Very good Steel 44mm Automatic Finland, Imatra
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea
D-Blue James Cameron
15 300
+ €9 for shipping
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LV Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Submariner Date
HULK - 116610LV - BOX AND CARD - LIKE NEW - MK3 - 2017
21 900
+ €375 for shipping
Seiko Alpinist SPB197J1 New Steel Automatic Finland, Porvoo
Seiko Alpinist
Prospex Alpinist
800
+ €10 for shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver 15720ST.OO.A027CA.01 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver
Blue Dial
39 900
+ €100 for shipping
Eterna Kontiki 1910.78.50.1428 New Bronze 44mm Automatic
Promoted
Eterna Kontiki
Adventure
1 749
+ €60 for shipping
Omega Speedmaster Racing 329.30.44.51.04.001 New Steel 44,25mm Automatic
Promoted
Omega Speedmaster Racing
Chronograph 44,25 mm
9 024
+ €60 for shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 26170ST.OO.D101CR.02 New Steel 42mm Automatic
Promoted
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
Unworn New February 2011 Panda Dial
21 900
Free shipping
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 41 124300 New Steel 41mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 41
41mm Ref. 124300 Original Tiffany Dial New 2022 End Series
25 200
+ €280 for shipping
Rolex Datejust 36 16233 Very good Gold/Steel 36mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Datejust 36
#39;Pyramid Dial - Jubilee' Ref. 16233
7 942
+ €150 for shipping
FBV1.0 Unworn Carbon 44mm Automatic Finland, Imatra
Gorilla Watches Fastback Drift Wandering Hours (Limited Edition 250pcs) UNWORN
3 490
+ €9 for shipping
Rolex Daytona 116505 Unworn Rose gold 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Daytona
116505 - BLACK DIAL - NEW - FULL SET - PARTIAL STICKERS
52 500
+ €575 for shipping
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Dual Time 7900V/110A-B334 Very good Steel 41mm Automatic Finland, Oulu
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Dual Time
Never polished Complete set Serviced 2021
39 900
+ €39 for shipping

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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 25860ST.OO.1110ST.01 Very good Steel 39mm Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
Blue Tropical
59 900
+ €100 for shipping
Seiko Alpinist SPB355J1 New Steel Automatic Finland, Porvoo
Seiko Alpinist
Rock Face Limited Edition
930
+ €10 for shipping
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra 220.10.41.21.10.001 New Steel 41mm Automatic
Promoted
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra
41mm Green
5 834
+ €60 for shipping
Rolex Datejust 36 1601 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Datejust 36
1601 / Grey Dial / Serviced / With Box / Steel White Gold / Jubilee / 36mm / 1975
6 349
Free shipping
Chopard Mille Miglia 8581 Very good Steel 46mm Automatic
Promoted
Chopard Mille Miglia
XL Competitor Edition 2016 Chronograph Automatik Ref. 8581
4 550
+ €49 for shipping
Rolex Lady-Datejust 179173 Very good Gold/Steel 26mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Lady-Datejust
26 #39;Champagne Dial - Jubilee' Ref. 179173
7 174
+ €150 for shipping
Omega Seamaster Railmaster 220.10.40.20.03.001 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic Finland, Imatra
Omega Seamaster Railmaster
Co-Axial Master Chronometer 2020
4 290
+ €9 for shipping
Rolex Submariner Date 16610LV Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Submariner Date
Kermit - 16610LV - FULL SET - MK5 - SER. V - 2010
19 900
+ €225 for shipping
Tudor Black Bay Fifty-Eight M79010SG-0001 Very good Silver 39mm Automatic Finland, Oulu
Tudor Black Bay Fifty-Eight
925 Like new 2021 Full set
3 669
+ €39 for shipping
Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda PFC906-0000140-B00182 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda
Tondagraph GT 42mm Panda
21 500
+ €100 for shipping
Seiko Presage SRPF43J1 New Steel 38.5mm Automatic Finland, Porvoo
Seiko Presage
Limited Edition Presage Cocktail
529
+ €10 for shipping
Breitling Navitimer 1 B01 Chronograph AB0137211B1P1 New Steel 46mm Automatic
Promoted
Breitling Navitimer 1 B01 Chronograph
46mm
7 971
+ €60 for shipping
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Date 15223 Very good Gold/Steel 34mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Date
15223 / BOX&PAPERS 1994 / Gold Dial Two-Tone / Gold Steel / 34mm
6 041
Free shipping
Rolex GMT-Master II 126711CHNR Unworn Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex GMT-Master II
126711CHNR Rootbeer New Unworn 03/2022 partial stickers
21 500
+ €100 for shipping
Rolex Datejust 36 116231 Very good Gold/Steel 36mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Datejust 36
#39;Everose / Steel' #39;Black Diamond Dial - Jubilee' Ref. 116231
13 066
+ €150 for shipping
Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M 2534.50 Good Steel 41mm Automatic Finland, Imatra
Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M
Professional GMT 50 Years Anniversary ref. 2534.50.00 SERVICED
3 790
+ €9 for shipping
Rolex Submariner Date 16610 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Submariner Date
16610 - FULL SET - MK7 - SERIAL V - 2010
12 700
+ €225 for shipping
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5980/1A-001 Very good Steel 40.5mm Automatic Finland, Oulu
Patek Philippe Nautilus
Full set Patek service 2019
129 900
+ €39 for shipping
Very good Steel Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Artisans De Genève Grand Bleu Deepsea
88 900
+ €100 for shipping
Rolex Day-Date 36 1803 Very good White gold 36mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Day-Date 36
President Automatic 18K Weiss Gold White Gold Herrenuhr Automatik Automatic
14 990
+ €100 for shipping
Tudor Black Bay 41 M79540-0004 New Steel 41mm Automatic
Promoted
Tudor Black Bay 41
Blue
3 021
+ €60 for shipping
Rolex Datejust 36 1601 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Datejust 36
1601 / Black Dial / Steel White Gold / With Box / Jubilee / 36mm / 1969
6 144
Free shipping
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LV Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Rolex Submariner Date
#34;Hulk" NOS 11/2016
37 490
+ €10 for shipping
Rolex Sea-Dweller 4000 116600 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Sea-Dweller 4000
Ref. 116600
17 678
+ €150 for shipping
Rolex Submariner Date 1680 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic Finland, Imatra
Rolex Submariner Date
1680 from 1975 SERVICED 2021
14 950
+ €9 for shipping
Rolex Milgauss 116400GV Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Milgauss
Z-BLUE DIAL - 116400GV - FULL SET WITH STICKERS - NEW - 2022
12 900
+ €225 for shipping
Rolex Datejust 41 126334 Very good Steel 41mm Automatic Finland, Oulu
Rolex Datejust 41
Azzurro Blue Full set
15 450
+ €39 for shipping
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Dual Time 7900V/110A-B546 Very good Steel 41mm Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Dual Time
Black Dial
39 950
+ €100 for shipping
IWC Da Vinci Automatic IW458312 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
Promoted
IWC Da Vinci Automatic
36mm Automatik Edelstahl Herrenuhr Blue Dial Ref. IW458312
3 150
+ €49 for shipping
TAG Heuer Carrera CBG2A10.BA0654 New Steel 45mm Automatic
Promoted
TAG Heuer Carrera
Calibre Heuer 02 Chronograph
5 417
+ €60 for shipping
Seiko Presage SPB205J1 Very good Steel 39.3mm Automatic Finland, Porvoo
Seiko Presage
140th Anniversary Limited Edition Presage
900
+ €10 for shipping
Rolex Yacht-Master 40 126655 Very good Rose gold 40mm Automatic Finland, Helsinki
Rolex Yacht-Master 40
3/2021 Complete set
30 870
+ €10 for shipping
Rolex Daytona 116505 Unworn Rose gold 40mm Automatic
Promoted
Rolex Daytona
#39;Everose Gold' - #39;Black Dial' Ref. 116505
52 500
+ €150 for shipping

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.


Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.


Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.


The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.


The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.